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EPIMEDIUMS




  flowercolor Groundcover use Solitary usek foliage Other specifications
European species and their hybrids          
E. alpinum crème white red x   evergreen Smallflowered
E. pubigerum KP 040902 crème white red x   evergreen smallflowerd very tall selection
E. x peralchium 'Lichtenberg' yellow x   evergreen bright yellow
E. x warleyense light orange     evergreen vigorous growth
E. x rubrum crème white x   semi- evergreen vigorous growth
E. x versicolor ‘Sulpureum’ white-yellow x   evergreen vigorous growth
E. x versicolor ‘Neosulphureum’ white-yellow x   evergreen vigorous growth
E. x’Black Sea' pastel orange x x evergreen Dark winter foliage
           
Chinese species and their hybrids          
E. acuminatum L575 Light pink purpler   x evergreen Very floriferous
E. acuminatum 'Night Mistress' roze purper   x evergreen Very dark richcoloured flowers
E. x ‘Amanogawa' wit brons   x evergreen Very floriferous
E. brevicornu Og. 88010 White yellow centre   x deciduous Small star shaped flowers
E. brevicornu f. rotundatum 82010 White yellow centre   x deciduous Small star shaped flowers
E. chlorandrum Og. 94003 light yellow   x evergreen Robust plant habbit
E. davidii EMR 4125 yellow x x slow evergreen floriferous
E. dewuense White brown   x evergreen Lovely colouration young foliage
E. dolichostemon White brown   x evergreen Attractive long shaped leaflets
E. dolichostemon Og 80010 White brown   x evergreen Attractive long shaped leaflets
E.x ’Domino’cc 990614 White/ bordeaux   x evergreen Very floriferous, unique colourblend
E. ecalcaratum Og 93082 Yellow   x evergreen Clone with nearly spurless flowers
E. elachyphyllum Pink   x evergreen Dwarf Epimedium
E. 'Enchantress' roze x x slow evergreen Very floriferous
E. epsteinii cpc. 940347 White Bordeaux x x slow evergreen  
E. fargesii Og 93057 White brown   x evergreen Attractive long shaped
E. fargesii 'Pink Constelation' Og. 93023 Pink purple   x evergreen Attractive long shaped
E. flavum Og 92036 yellow   x evergreen floriferous
E. franchetii yellow   x evergreen Lovely coloration young foliage
E. franchetii 'Brimstone Butterfly' Og 87001 yellow   x evergreen Very robust selection
E. hunanense yellow   x evergreen Recent introduction!
E. illicifolium og 93020 yellow   x evergreen Narrow, spiny foliage
E. x ‘Kaguyahime' Pink purple   x evergreen Very floriferous
E. leptorhizum Og Y 44 pink x x slow evergreen Large pink flowers
E. lishichenii Og 96024 yellow   x evergreen Lovely coloration young foliage
E. lishichenii cc 95007 yellow   x evergreen Large leaves with impressed veining
E. mikinorii cc 990001 Pink purple   x evergreen Lovely coloration young foliage
E. myrianthum white yellow   x evergreen small flowered
E. ogisui Og.91001 wit   x evergreen Delicate pure white flowers
E. x omeiense 'Myriad Years' White purple   x evergreen Very robust hybrid
E. x omeiense ‘Pale Fire Sibling’ White cream   x evergreen Creamy white flowers
E. x omeiense 'Stormcloud' Bronze brown   x evergreen Unique flower colour
E. pauciflorum pink x x slow evergreen Spiny foliage
E. platypetalum Og 93085 yellow x x slow evergreen Long flowering season
E. pubescens Og.91003 White bronze   x evergreen small flowered
E. rhizomatosum Og. 92114 yellow x x slow evergreen Very long flowering season
E. sagittatum white yellow   x evergreen small flowered
E. shuichengense cc030175 yellow   x evergreen young foliage, strongly mottled
E. stellulatum 'Wudang star' white yellow centered   x evergreen Small star shaped flowers
E. stellulatum ‘Long Leaf Form’ cc970051 white   x evergreen Long arrow shaped leaflets
E. species nova cc yellow   x evergreen Very floriferous
E. species monophyll pink   x evergreen Large simple leaves
E. sutchuenense cc 990394 pink x x evergreen Groundcovering
E. x ‘Togen' pink x x slow evergreen Very floriferous
E. wushanense Og 93019 yellow   x slow evergreen Atractive longshaped leaflets
E. wushanense 'Caramel' Og.92009 yellow-caramel   x evergreen Attractive long shaped leaflets
E. wushanense nova White-cream   x evergreen Atractive longshaped leaflets
           
Japanese species and their hybrids          
E. grandiflorum var. higoense 'Bandit' white   x deciduous Dark margins young foliage
E. grandiflorum var. higoense 'saturn' white   x deciduous Reddish brown margins young foliage
E. grandiflorum 'Lilafee' lila   x deciduous floriferous
E. grandiflorum 'Mount Kitadake' lila-purple   x deciduous  
E. grandiflorum 'Nanum' white   x deciduous Dark margins young foliage
E. grandiflorum 'Queen Esta' lila pink   x deciduous  
E. grandiflorum 'Shikinomai' white   x deciduous Long flowering season
E. grandiflorum 'Violet Nanum' violet-lila   x deciduous Dark margins young foliage
E. grandiflorum 'White Queen' white   x deciduous Large flowered white
E. grandiflorum 'Yellow princess' light yellow   x deciduous Unique yellow floriferous form
E. grandiflorum ssp. koreanum 'La Rocaille' cream   x deciduous Cornered large leaflets
E. diphyllum white   x deciduous Delicate white flowers
E. x youngianum 'Merlin' Pink white   x deciduous Slow, unique coloured flowers
E. x youngianum 'Niveum' white   x deciduous Easy and beautiful
E. x youngianum 'Typicum' transparent white   x deciduous Very delicate almost transparent flowers
E. x 'Sasaki' white x x slow evergreen Good winter foliage
E. x setosum white x x slow evergreen Good winter foliage


Epimediums are plants suited for shady spots in the garden. Because of the many new and recent introductions among the Epimediums we roughly categorised our Epimediums below.

Europe

In the first place Epimediums gained fame as useful and elegant groundcovers for shade. Some are even know to thrive in drier shade. Those handling drier shade are the east European species and their hybrids.

China

Many recently introduced Epimediums find their origin in the humid Chinese forests and their shaded green hills, most of the Chinese species demand a constant moisture in a weld rained soil.

It is often in airy mixtures of rocks and organic substances such as leaf mould, peat, etc. that plants of this group develop into spectaculairy beautiful plants.
Most of the Chinese species keep developing new young foliage trough summer into late autumn, this new young foliage can be coloured with atractice colours varying from bronze and salmon-pink to cherry-red and bordeaux.
In some cases the mature evergreen foliage turns darker during the cold periods, this with tones of purple and red.
Their enchanting delicate flowerbeauty apeals to many, the flowers on their selves are often small but as a whole very fine with colours from purple to pink and yellow these small flowers are caried with tens on lots of ellegant flowerstems.


Epimedium stellulatum 'Wudang Star'

Japan

The Japanese species are a bit different then the Chinese in exeption of one species (E.sempervirens’) they all are decideous, this group includes E.grandiflorum E.diphyllum and their hybrid group named E. x youngianum. All of the Japanese Epimediums prefer rich, weldrained and a slightly acidic organic soil.


Epimedium grandiflorum 'White Queen'

Culture

The last few years Epimediums have gained more fame by shade- and woodlandgadeners . A new generation very attractive selections and hybrids is starting to cause a fresh new wind and is very promising.

Our choice out of the European Epimediums and their hybrids:

In the group of Epimediums with easy ground covering characteristics the robust E. x versicolor ‘Sulphureum’ with its reddish young foliage (later turning green) and the shorter variant E. x versicolor ‘Neosulphureum’ with its bronze-brownish young foliage are both suited for the humid but also for the more dry shade E. x rubrum which has spectacular coloured young foliage also handles semi dry shade with no problem.. It is best to watch the plants during the first year and in the drier periods give water to encourage the rootgrowth.


Epimedium x versicolor 'Sulphureum'

Our choice out of the Chinese Epimediums and their hybrids:

Among the Chinese Epimediums there are differences(difficulty –levels) concerning certained demands and vigour. among the easier we chose E.wushanense ‘Caramel’ with spectacular long narrow pointy leaflets, E. davidii with masses of yellow flowers, E.platypetalum, with open cupshaped yellow flowers, blooming over a very long period E.franchetii (Og.) with a very strong leaves and beautiful colouration of the young foliage E. x omeiense ‘Myriad Years’ a rare form with amazing hybrid vigour and large delicate longspurred flowers . Last but not least there is E. rhizomatosum a quicker growing Epimedium with large, yellow spiders. In normal conditions this Epimedium often flowers into September…


Epimedium frachetii

Our choice out of the Japanese Epimediums and their hybrids:

Among the deciduous Epimediums E. grandiflorum ‘White Queen’ is a very rich flowered selection which often reblooms in late summer. E.grandiflorum ‘Nanum’ a dwarf selection is problemfree and has a dark band marking the margins of the young foliage. E. x youngianum ‘Niveum’ can be found since 1830 in the European gardens and still is a amazing goodflowering selection .


Epimedium grandiflorum 'Violet Nanum'




Epimedium acuminatum L575

Epimedium history

In 1830 E. grandiflorum and E. x youngianum are introduced by von Siebold in the Botanical Garden of Ghent.

Between 1844 and 1854 E. x rubrum the first named hybrid between E.alpinum and E.grandiflorum arises followed quickly by E. x versicolor and E. x versicolor ‘sulphureum’ both being hybrids between E.grandiflorum and E. pinnatum. These hybrids stil are today among the best for use as evergreen groundcover.

1909 E. x warleyense is named (Warley, U.K.) a Hybrid between E.alpinum en E. pinnatum subsp. colchicum.

Small amounts of different Chinese species had been planted and described in in late 1800 among them E. saggitatum and E. acuminatum.

Roy Lancaster introduces his wild collections of E.acuminatum in the early 80’s.Later other species and hybrids followed thanks to Mikinori Ogisu, Martyn Rix, James Compton,… Most species scientifially described by professor William T. Stearn and Plantsman Mikinori Ogisu.

1985 Martyn Rix collects seeds from Epimedium davidii in the Sichuan province, China. Back in England he shares these with Elisabeth Strangman who raises them and is the first to offer them to horticulture.

Nursery people known for introducing new Epimediums are Robin White from Blackthorn Nursery eand Elisabeth Strangman from the Washfield Nursery.
End 90’s American Plantsman Darrell Probst started making botanical excursions to China where he succeeded in collecting many undescribed species new to science (E.epsteinii, E.dewuense,..), he also gained allot respect and honour by recollecting and locating several species of which only scientific descriptions or herbarium specimens were left.
Thanks to the recent (2002) published monograph on Epimediums the genus has become much more accessible for everyone interested . Professor William T. Stearn succeeded to complete the book early 2001 just before he died in may 2001.

On our nursery we have been collecting epimediums since the early 80’s.we have found it very fascinating to follow the new introductions in last 20 years,.It has led to a extensive collection. Now the interest of the European gardeners is starting to warm up it’s pleasent to be able to offer these magnificent plants.
The private collection is viewable during our opening hours . In late April we organise a Epimedium and shade plant weekend, there will be a wide range of different Epimediums and other shade loving plants for sale. For 2008 it will be on Saturday 12 and Sunday 13nd of April. The nursery will be open from 10 am to 5 pm. There will be a guided tour trough the collection at 2:30 pm.